National Symbols of India

List Of 15 National Symbols of India

India, a land of rich traditions, diverse cultures, and vibrant heritage, boasts a tapestry of national symbols of India that reflect its deep-rooted identity. These symbols serve as powerful emblems, representing the essence and values cherished by the nation and its people. From the resplendent national flag fluttering with pride to the majestic wildlife that roams its landscapes, each symbol encapsulates a unique aspect of India’s history, mythology, and aspirations. Here are the 15 national symbols of India. 

1. NATIONAL FLAG OF INDIA

NATIONAL FLAG OF INDIA-National Symbols of India

The national flag of India, commonly referred to as “Tiranga,” gets its name from the Hindi word meaning “containing three colors.” This vibrant flag, representing India’s freedom and sovereignty, is a national symbols of India. It consists of three horizontal stripes of saffron, white, and green, with the Ashoka Chakra, a wheel of law, depicted in navy blue at the center. The saffron stripe signifies courage and sacrifice, the white stripe represents peace and truth, and the green stripe symbolizes fertility, growth, and auspiciousness. The Ashoka Chakra, with 24 spokes, represents progress, righteousness, and the eternal wheel of time.

2. NATIONAL ANIMAL OF INDIA

NATIONAL ANIMAL OF INDIA

The regal and majestic national animal of India is the tiger, scientifically known as Panthera tigris (Linnaeus). Renowned for its grace, grandeur, and strength, the tiger holds a significant place in Indian culture and wildlife conservation efforts. India is home to eight native tiger species, and it houses more than half of the world’s tiger population. The preservation and protection of tigers and their habitats are crucial for maintaining the ecological balance and biodiversity of the country.

3. NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA

NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA

The national anthem of India, “Jana-gana-mana,” holds a special place in the hearts of Indians. Written by the celebrated Indian poet and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, the anthem consists of five stanzas. It was first performed on December 27, 1911, during a session of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta. The anthem beautifully encapsulates the ideals of unity, diversity, and national pride. It serves as a reminder of India’s struggle for independence and represents the collective spirit of the nation.

4. NATIONAL CURRENCY OF INDIA

NATIONAL CURRENCY OF INDIA

The official currency of India is the rupee (INR). The Reserve Bank of India oversees the circulation and management of the currency. The Indian rupee holds historical significance, with its origins dating back to ancient times. It was reintroduced in its modern form by Udayakumar Dharmalingam. The Indian rupee plays a vital role in facilitating the country’s economic transactions and trade, representing the financial strength and stability of the nation.

5. NATIONAL CALENDAR OF INDIA

NATIONAL CALENDAR OF INDIA

The Saka Calendar is recognized as the national calendar of India. It carries historical significance and symbolizes the golden era of the country. The calendar is named after the Saka era, which originated in 78 CE. The Saka Calendar reflects India’s rich cultural heritage and serves as a reminder of its ancient traditions and customs. It is used for official purposes, religious observances, and cultural festivals throughout the country.

6. NATIONAL BIRD OF INDIA

NATIONAL BIRD OF INDIA

The Indian Peacock, scientifically known as Pavo cristatus, holds the prestigious title of being the national bird of India. This magnificent bird has been an integral part of Indian culture, mythology, and folklore for centuries. Known for its vibrant and colorful plumage, the Indian Peacock symbolizes grace, pride, spirituality, and beauty. Its presence in India’s diverse landscape represents the country’s rich biodiversity and serves as a reminder of the nation’s deep-rooted traditions and connection with nature.

7. NATIONAL EMBLEM OF INDIA

NATIONAL EMBLEM OF INDIA

The national emblem of India is a depiction of four lions standing atop an Ashokan pillar. This iconic national symbols of India can be found at Sarnath, near Varanasi, in the Uttar Pradesh state of India. At the base of the pillar, the Dharma Chakra, also known as the Wheel of Law, is engraved, surrounded by carvings of an elephant, a horse, a bull, and a lion, separated by intervening wheels. The emblem represents the country’s rich heritage, strength, and unity. It was officially adopted as the national emblem on January 26, 1950, the day India became a republic.

8. NATIONAL FLOWER OF INDIA

NATIONAL FLOWER OF INDIA

The Lotus, a member of the Nymphaea family of aquatic plants, holds the esteemed position of being the national flower of India. With its large and exquisite pink blossoms, the lotus symbolizes purity, serenity, and beauty. The precisely arranged petals of the flower exude a sense of tranquility and elegance, reflecting the cultural and natural diversity of India. The Lotus which is also known as water lily’s selection as the national flower highlights the country’s admiration for its rich flora and its deep-rooted connection with nature.

9. NATIONAL FRUIT OF INDIA

NATIONAL FRUIT OF INDIA

Referred to as the “King of all fruits,” the mango is the national fruit of India. Belonging to the Mangifera indica species, mangoes are widely cultivated in the tropical regions of India and hold a special place in Indian cuisine and culture. Known for their luscious taste, vibrant colors, and sweet aroma, mangoes are a symbol of abundance, fertility, and prosperity. They are not only enjoyed as a juicy and delicious fruit but also used to make pickles, preserves, and various traditional dishes, showcasing their versatility in Indian culinary traditions.

10. NATIONAL GAME OF INDIA

NATIONAL GAME OF INDIA

Despite the rising popularity of cricket, hockey maintains its status as the national game of India. The Indian hockey team reached the pinnacle of success between 1928 and 1956, winning six consecutive Olympic gold medals during that period. Hockey holds a special place in the hearts of Indians, representing the country’s sporting prowess, teamwork, and national pride. It showcases the determination, skill, and passion of Indian athletes while promoting the values of discipline, sportsmanship, and unity.

11. NATIONAL PLEDGE OF INDIA

 NATIONAL PLEDGE OF INDIA

The National Pledge is an integral part of the school life of every Indian youngster also signifies as one of the important national symbols of India. It emphasizes the fundamental obligations of upholding peace, unity, and brotherhood in the vast and diverse nation of India. The pledge instills a sense of patriotism, social responsibility, and respect for the country’s democratic principles and cultural diversity. Additionally, the pledge mentioned in the Preamble to the Indian Constitution further reinforces the values of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity, serving as a guiding force for the citizens of India.

12. NATIONAL SONG OF INDIA:

Vande Mataram

The national song of India, “Vande Mataram,” holds a significant place in the hearts of Indians. It was originally written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee for his Bengali novel “Anand Math.” The song quickly gained popularity among the freedom fighters of that era, resonating with their patriotic passion and deep admiration for the motherland. “Vande Mataram” became a rallying cry for the independence movement, symbolizing the love, devotion, and reverence towards India.

13. NATIONAL TREE OF INDIA

NATIONAL TREE OF INDIA

The national tree of India is the Banyan tree, scientifically known as Ficus bengalensis. This iconic tree, belonging to the fig family, holds great cultural and ecological significance in India. The Banyan tree is renowned for its ability to spread its roots over a vast area, taking root and continuing to live for thousands of years. It represents longevity, strength, and interconnectedness. Often found near temples, the Banyan tree is considered sacred and is associated with wisdom, knowledge, and the continuity of life.

14. NATIONAL HERITAGE ANIMAL OF INDIA

Elephants

The Indian elephant holds the esteemed position of being the national heritage animal of India. Elephants have long been revered in Indian culture and mythology, symbolizing power, wisdom, and divinity. Unfortunately, due to the threats they face, including habitat loss and poaching, the Indian elephant is on the verge of going extinct. In recognition of its cultural significance and the need for conservation efforts, the Indian elephant was declared a national heritage animal, aiming to raise awareness and promote measures for its protection and preservation. Thus Elephant is also categories as the national symbols of India

15. NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL OF INDIA

Ganges River dolphin

The Ganges River dolphin has been recognized as the national aquatic animal of India. The decision to designate it as such was prompted by the decline in dolphin populations over the years, highlighting the need for conservation. The Ganges river dolphin, also known as the “Susu,” is found in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna river system. As a symbol of the rich aquatic biodiversity of India’s rivers, the national aquatic animal status aims to raise awareness and promote efforts to protect and restore their habitat, ensuring the survival of these unique and endangered species.

LIST OF ALL THE NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF INDIA

NumberNational Symbols of IndiaName
1National FlagTiranga
2National EmblemNational Emblem of India
3National CurrencyIndian Rupees
4National CalendarSaka Calendar
5National RiverGanga
6National Heritage AnimalIndian Elephant
7National AnimalRoyal Bengal Tiger
8National BirdIndian Peacock
9National TreeIndian Banyan
10National SongVande Mataram
11National AnthemJana Gana Mana
12National GameHockey
13National Aquatic AnimalGanges River Dolphin
14National FruitMango
15National FlowerLotus

Also Read: List Of National Parks in India 2023

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